Automated vehicles

Published on Monday 18 March 2024

The recent technological developments make it possible to provide increasingly efficient delegated driving functions for different types of vehicles and different uses: private vehicles, public and shared transport, freight transport and logistics.

Strategy for the deployment regime

Vehicle automation and connectivity are enabling new mobility services for people and goods. France has adopted an ambitious strategy to enable the safe deployment of these technologies and to meet the expectations of the regions for more sustainable mobility.

1. National strategy

The national strategy for the development of automated and connected road mobility constitutes the framework for public action.

2. European strategic framework

Europe adopted a strategy for the development of automated and connected road mobility in May 2018, complemented by the Sustainable and Intelligent Mobility Strategy in December 2020.

Legislative and regulatory framework

1. Deployment framework

The deployment of automated vehicles and mobility services in France is made possible by the legislative and regulatory framework, which complements the European vehicle approval framework.

For more information on vehicle homologation, see the following page : Vehicle type-approval (FR)

2. Data Access Framework

Legisltaive and regulatory framework

Exchanges of data from vehicles and road infrastructures are subject to legislative and regulatory provisions at national and European level, mainly for road safety and operational purposes.

Access to vehicle data is provided for in the French Mobility Law (LOM) of December 24, 2019, for the purposes of learning about incidents, accidents, dangerous traffic conditions, traffic and road infrastructure conditions, accident investigations and feedback on critical scenarios for automated driving.

Road traffic data is the subject of a European legislation and regulations framework (Intelligent Transport Directive) designed to facilitate the supply and exchange of such data, with a view to improving road information and, ultimately, traffic conditions and safety.

3. Safety assessment and demonstration

List of approved qualified bodies (OQA) available on STRMTG's website

Projects supporting connectivity

France has a wealth of expertise in the development of connected vehicle applications linked to infrastructure, through national and European projects such as SCOOP@F, InterCor, C-Roads and, most recently, InDiD.

Perception and acceptability

The perception and acceptability of automated vehicles is a key factor in their development. Various studies, in particular national and local surveys, allow us to monitor these issues, which are discussed during a national seminar bringing together stakeholders (elected officials, economic sectors, associations, experts), and the national council for digital ethics.

Implementation of the deployment in territories

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